Showing February 9 - March 4, 2018

Family and Friends So Happy Together: Celebration of Appreciation and Artistry Offered to All

Go twinsy, bring on the table for three, and embrace togetherness, so roundup and introduce friends and family to the art and artists at the Torpedo Factory Art Center's Scope Gallery.


Artists highlight "Family & Friends," thanking customers for their patronage, making ceramic creativity possible. Kiln Club potters present paired pieces and companion sets and offer our annual customer appreciation 'Woodfire Raffle' of a tea set by Stephen Lally of Alexandria, Va. A patron will take home a one-of-a-kind teapot and cups created in the age-old tradition of wood firing which originated in China in
200 A.D.


Wood kilns produce temperatures of 2,400 °F, as ash, clay minerals and the flame itself mark wood fired pots with warm, earthy characteristics. In a 20 hour-firing, 30-foot flames from the firebox roll through the chamber of the kiln. Unglazed exteriors reflect the passage of the flame, creating a toasted hue of iron blush - flashing- and the build up of ash. The pot's surface is an artistic record of variable factors.


Lally trained at the University of Colorado, Boulder, as well as Penland and Arrowmont Schools of Craft, and blends English and Japanese functional traditions. His pieces appear regularly in national juried shows, as he focuses on form paired with quiet glazing, framing natural finishes.


"I woodfire to preserve the freshness and life of the clay and to document the firing process on the skin of the pot." Lally says, "I want the user to experience the pot both as I saw it on the wheel and during its birth in the fire."


Scope potters offer everything from pairs of shakers, a covey of coasters or grouping of sculptural forms. Artists make matching rice bowls, soup crocks and creamer and sugar sets. Condiment bowls come in a trio, witty plates have continuous images crawling from one surface to another. Mugs are matchy-matchy.


Our artists are eager to share expertise on the medium of clay and wish to express a sincere thank you to buyers who keep us creative by providing an audience for which to stretch our artistic vision. Scope Gallery patrons support local art entrepreneurs by visiting and purchasing ceramic art gifts, souvenirs, dishware and decorative art.


Scope customers receive one 'Woodfire Raffle' ticket FREE with purchase, available at the Scope Gallery desk from February 9 to 18. Ticketholders of Art League's Patrons' Show are also entitled to free raffle tickets at the Gallery.

Under the Scope


Pam was juried into Scope in 2015.  Her extensive background teaching art in public schools and ceramics in university and community centers, as well as serving as Army Arts and Crafts program manager (Korea, Germany, US) give Scope artists and gallery visitors a great resource and perspective on a range of art issues.   Based on her experience as an Occupational Safety and Health program manager for the Smithsonian Museums from 1991-2010, Pam is able to assist with gallery safety and provide technical expertise for Scope’s many exhibits.


But, it is her ceramic pieces that add a special dimension to the gallery.  They make people smile!  Her sense of humor combined with immense technical skill result in wonderful works of art, including her unique animal images.   Much of her work focuses on whimsical treatments of animals and she has produced a whole collection of “fantasy lives of pets.”  She confesses to loving the funny papers and finds them a source of inspiration.  She also finds humor in everyday life.  An ordinary soap dish is not so ordinary if Pam makes it!  There is always an unexpected element—like finding a bathing beauty soaking in the dish.


To achieve her fanciful artworks, Pam starts with wheel-thrown parts, which she assembles, adding pinched and pieced bits of clay to flesh out features and appendages. Her clay is usually a mid-range white stoneware, fired to cone 7 (about 2260 F).  B-Mix 5 works very well for assemblages as it is less susceptible to cracking than porcelains.  For more surface interest under glazes, she also uses Miller 50, a speckled clay.  She incorporates her expertise in non-traditional surfacing techniques applying different types of finishes to her figures.  These non-traditional finishes, also called “cold finishes,” include using non-ceramic materials.  A “skin” of black acrylic wash is applied to bisqueware that has been fired to cone 04 (about 1940 F) in an electric kiln, followed with a “canvas” of dry-brushed white acrylic.  Then she layers colored acrylic, patinas, inks, and organic materials to build color and depth on her non-functional pieces.  No additional firing takes place.


Pam also specializes in majolica techniques.   Majolica originated in the Middle East in the 9th c. but is most associated with Italy and Spain.   Ware made using these techniques was imported to Italy in the 13th c. through the Isle of Majorica, and the Italians started calling it “majolica.”  They soon became experts at copying the technique and majolica ware came into prominence during the Italian Renaissance.


Majolica ware is recognized for its brightly colored decoration.  A low-fire white tin-based glaze is applied to earthenware bisque- fired to cone 04.  Ceramic colorants are painted onto the raw glaze. Pam uses either a combination of Mason stain and frit or commercial underglaze colors.  Pieces are then glaze-fired to cone 04 or 05 in an electric kiln.  Since the glaze is viscous and does not move in the glaze firing, bright, crisp lines and details can be achieved. Although Pam uses this type of surface decoration on some of her animal creations, she likes to apply this technique to other unconventional shapes and forms, including functional vessels.  Vessels made using this technique are food safe


If you want to know more about Pam’s techniques, she teaches all of this at the Workhouse Arts Center, Lorton, VA where she has her studio.


Pam’s work appears in Bridgette Martin’s book, “Humor in Craft,” published in 2012, and she has been accepted into numerous exhibitions, not only locally, but nationwide, most recently for “Menagerie,” at Baltimore Clayworks, 2016, and at the “Clay 3 National Juried Ceramic Exhibition,” in Warrenville, Il., 2014.


For more of Pam’s work, visit Workhouse Art Center’s galleries, Art a La Carte in Occoquan, and Manassas Clay, or better yet, come to Scope!

Scope Gallery

Torpedo Factory Art Center

105 N. Union St.

Ground Floor, Studio 19

Alexandria, Va 22314.

Phone: 703-548-6288


10 a.m. - 6 p.m. daily

Thursday: 10 a.m. - 9 p.m.


Check the Torpedo Factory website for early closings for private events at

Scope Gallery is a cooperative gallery shared by two of the oldest ceramic organizations in the Washington, D.C. area. The Kiln Club and the Ceramic Guild alternate months in this shared space. See calendar page for 2017 gallery schedule.